Ethereum 2.0 or Eth2, is an upgrade to the Ethereum network. The Ethereum Merge is migrating Ethereum from the current Proof-of-Work network to a new Proof-of-Stake blockchain, Eth2 aims to increase scalability and reduce energy consumption.
As a Proof-of-Stake blockchain, the Eth2 Beacon Chain is built and secured by the network's validators. To participate as a Beacon Chain validator, you must stake ETH by sending it to a deposit contract on the Ethereum network. When you stake through Kraken, we will credit your account with staked ETH and the applicable staking rewards consistent with our Terms and the rules of the Ethereum network.
Please note that after the Shapella upgrade is complete ETH2 will no longer exist. Any ETH2 on your account will automatically be converted to ETH. For more information, check out our Ethereum Shapella Upgrade FAQ
Review frequently asked questions within the sections below:
Where can I see updates that Kraken is making as a result of The Merge?
What service disruptions are expected during The Merge? (Trading, funding, etc)
We estimate funding (deposits and withdrawals) may be unavailable for 12 hours or longer during The Merge. This estimate could decrease/increase depending on network conditions. Visit status.kraken.com for real time updates.
Do I need to do anything to have my ETH transitioned to the Proof Of Stake Chain?
No, this happens automatically to your ETH custodied at Kraken. There will be no need to convert your existing ETH into anything else before, during or after The Merge. The newly merged asset will maintain the ETH name.
What happens to my staked ETH post-merge? Will this automatically be credited to my account or is there any technical work that needs to be conducted first?
What will happen in the event of an airdrop or a fork and what impact would these events have on margin positions?
Can I un-stake ETH?
What are the current rewards for staking ETH, what about after The Merge?
Percentage rates for your staked ETH are currently estimated between 3% and 6% annually (APR). These rewards will continue after The Merge.
After The Merge, Kraken will also collect additional rewards payable to stakers. This includes tips paid to Kraken’s validators as a result of fee activity on the Ethereum network and for MEV activity. Kraken uses market leading software to maximize the rewards payable to stakers and shares this with our clients in the same way as inflationary staking rewards. The additional rewards will be issued to your account (estimated to begin on September 25th 2022 after 01:45 UTC) as unstaked ETH, fully unlocked and able to stake, trade or withdraw in your account.
Kraken will continue to distribute weekly rewards on a variable rate that reflects what we’ve earned On-chain minus our fee. Rewards will vary according to the rules of the Ethereum protocol.
What is the Fee for Staking?
There are currently no transaction fees for staking or unstaking. Kraken takes a commission based on the rewards you receive from the network. For more informatin, refer to overview of on-chain staking on Kraken.
Where can I see my ETH staking rewards?
These rewards are visible in the Earn page underneath the Total rewards column.
Do I need to be holding ETH in order to stake?
How do I stake ETH?
You can stake ETH following this guide. Newly staked ETH will undergo a bonding period of up to several weeks (often less than a couple of hours, depending on network conditions) before it will start earning ETH rewards.
How long do I have to wait after staking to begin earning rewards?
The Ethereum 2.0 network imposes an activation period on new validator nodes, which may cause a delay in distributing ETH staking rewards. To ensure staking rewards are distributed fairly, newly staked ETH will undergo a bonding period of up to several weeks (often less than a couple of hours, depending on network conditions) before it will start earning ETH rewards. After the bonding period has elapsed, staking rewards will begin to accrue.
Do staked ETH rewards compound using the Grow Rewards option?
No. Unlike other assets which can be staked on Kraken, ETH2 rewards do not compound so you will not see the Grow Rewards feature available.
Can I trade staked ETH?
As a courtesy to clients who may wish to exchange their staked ETH for unstaked ETH, Kraken provides a trading pair ETH2.S/ETH for this purpose, with two important caveats:
- 1The market is NOT available for residents of the US and Canada (Canadian clients can stake ETH but not trade their staked ETH for unstaked ETH). Staking is not available for residents of the United States.
- 2We offer no guarantees of any kind about the continued availability or liquidity of this market - price slippage in market orders should be expected and it may be difficult to exchange staked ETH for unstaked ETH in large amounts. This market may not be available for the duration of the Ethereum 2.0 transition.
Can I use staked ETH or ETH staking rewards as collateral for margin trading?
No. Unlike regular ETH, staked ETH and ETH staking rewards can not be used as collateral assets for margin trading.
Is the ETH2.S/ETH market available in Canada and the US?
The market is NOT available for users located in or residents or citizens of the US and Canada. Canadian clients can stake ETH, but not trade their staked ETH for unstaked ETH. Staking is not available for residents of the United States.
Will the ETH2.S/ETH market be stable and available until the end of the Ethereum 2.0 transition?
We offer no guarantees of any kind about the continued availability or liquidity of this market - price slippage in market orders should be expected and it may be difficult to exchange staked ETH for unstaked ETH in large amounts and this market may not be available for the duration of the Ethereum 2.0 transition.
What is the meaning of the ETH, ETH2.S and ETH2 ticker symbols on Kraken?
The ETH ticker on Kraken represents “regular” ETH: ETH on the Ethereum blockchain that has neither been staked nor earned as staking rewards. It can be staked, deposited, traded and withdrawn.
The ETH2.S ticker on Kraken represents ETH that has been staked to support the Eth2 network upgrade. Clients that are not located in or citizens or residents of the US or Canada may transact on Kraken’s ETH2.S/ETH. Otherwise, ETH2.S cannot be un-staked, deposited or withdrawn.
Prior to the Shapella upgrade, the ETH2 ticker on Kraken represented ETH that was earned as staking rewards through Eth2 staking. ETH2 could not be staked, deposited, traded or withdrawn. As of the succesful completion of the Shapella upgrade ETH2, has been deprecated. Any ETH2 on your account will automatically be converted to ETH.
Will the ETH index for both fixed and perpetual futures continue as the PoS chain?
Yes. As the Proof of Stake upgrade has the majority support of the Ethereum community, the ETH index will continue as the Proof of Stake chain after The Merge.
Will fixed maturity futures be settled to the PoS chain, PoW chain or a combination of both?
Fixed maturity contracts will be settled to the Proof of Stake chain. Any new Proof of Work asset arising from a fork after The Merge will be treated as an entirely separate asset.
Will fixed maturity futures be settled on The Merge date or at the usual settlement date?
Fixed maturity contracts will be settled on their usual settlement date.
How will you handle the ETH perpetual futures contracts? Will you settle it and start a new ETHPoS contract?
Due to the Proof of Stake upgrade having majority support of the Ethereum community, both ETH perpetual contracts will continue to trade as the upgraded Proof of Stake chain.
Will there be any changes to margin requirements for the currently-listed ETH contracts?
Kraken Futures reserve the right to update the margin schedule at any time without warning. However, we will endeavor to give as much notice as possible via platform notifications. Note that if there is not sufficient margin in a trader’s wallet to meet updated requirements, position(s) can be liquidated.
If the ETH PoW airdrop is supported on spot, will this include my Futures balances?
If the ETH PoW airdrop is supported on spot, your ETH balance in your Futures account at time of the snapshot will be included. Your spot account would be credited based on the combined balance of your spot and futures accounts at the time of the snapshot. Unrealised PnL on single-collateral inverse futures positions will be included in the snapshot. Note: unrealised PnL on multi-collateral positions with ETH as the PnL preference will be not be included
If you have any additional questions, our support specialists are available to assist you.